The 24th of December 214 years ago (1803), part of the rock under the castle felt away destroying around 30 houses and causing 26 victims. Don't need to say half of the castle disappeared.
With no light and the hope of rescuing the survivors, the neighbours, only with shovels and spikes started the rescue task and saved 15 victims.
That's what I call true heroes 💪🏻 __________
The well organized officer corps of the Roman army was an important factor to its success on the battlefield, and the Optio was no exception to that. Though often overlooked thanks to the greater prestige of the Centurions serving a rank above him, Optios were equally important. They were a Centurion's second-in-command, and would take command of his unit -the Century- should he fall in battle or be too injured to fight. Optios were stationed at the rear of a Century, keeping the Legionaries in order, and they would also be tasked with enforcing the orders of a Centurion further should it not be somehow understood. Optios also were tasked with organisational and administrative duties, such as keeping tabs on the soldiers within a Century, and they also often carried wax tablets and pens on their person.
Optios were first created along with the Manipular Legion in the 4th century BC. Optios during this period were chosen by the Centurion, who lead a Century of 60 men as part of a Maniple of 120 men. The rank of Optio was fully professionalized by Augustus, Rome's first emperor, in the late 1st century BC, and Optios now served as paid professionals, earning their rank either via experience or by political connections. An Optio was a Duplicarius, meaning he received double the pay of a normal Legionary. During this time, the structure of a Century was at 80 men strong, with the Manipular system having been abolished between the late 2nd century BC and early 1st century BC. Optios looked largely the same as normal Legionaries, however they were still easy to distinguish from the two plumes on the sides of their helmets, and some also wore a crest on their helmets.
Pictured above is a reenactor of a Roman Optio of the Imperial army. He is easily identified by his crest and plumes on his Galea helmet, and the medals decorating his Lorica Hamata; chainmail. His Gladius shortsword is firmly held in its scabbard at the usual right side of his body, and he can be seen resting on his large cylindrical Scutum shield.
Relics of Gaya Confederacy(AD42 - AD 562), that existed during the Three Kingdoms of Korea (57BC - AD668)
늘 사용하는 머그컵이다. 크기와 형태, 손잡이까지. 가운데 잔은 손잡이가 떨어져 나간 자국이 선명한데 전시명함엔 '잔'으로 표기되어 있다. 양옆으로, 손잡이가 멀쩡한 잔을 '손잡이가 달린 잔'이라고 표기한 이유가 뭘까. 아무래도 어린 학동을 위한 섬세한 배려인 듯싶다. 청결한 관람실, 잘 정리된 안내서, 조목 조목 배치된 유물들 하며 흠잡을 데 없이 깔끔하지만,,,허전하다. 좀 흐트러지면 머그컵에 생기가 돌까...발걸음이 고되지 않는다면 다녀올만은 하겠다.
올림픽 공원 한성백제 박물관에서 5월28일까지, "가야, 백제 유물전"
Two staffs made by Papua New Guinean tribesman for my Pa during WWII. The one on the left is a carved impression of him. He was a medical orderly in the Australian army and also treated locals, at one point even having to amputate a leg after a crocodile attack. #WWII#PapuaNewGuinea#History
The Eternal Spring Shrine. This was built in honor of the men who lost their lives during the construction of the first highway to cross Taiwan's Central Mountain range. The highway is 192 kilometers long, built with the intention of national defense, resettlement of decommissioned servicemen, easier connection between east and west, and to allow natural resources to be exploited. The highway was built through such rough terrain that it quite literally was built from blood, sweat, and tears. Everyday, around 5000 men worked together carving the highway using explosives or hand tools and their own physical energy. This shrine honors the 226 men who lost their lives in work related accidents while creating this highway. #travel#explore#Taiwan#taroko#history#aboriginal#indigenous#backpackers#nature
انار در فرهنگ و تاریخ ایران از آغاز پیدایش آن وجود داشته و یکی از اولین میوه هایست که ایرانیان در هر کجا که اقدام به کشت و کار و باغگیری کرده اند آنرا نیز در کنار انگور، انجیر، بادام، پسته، گردو و سایر محصولات باغی کاشته و در زمینه دارویی، رنگ آمیزی و انواع مختلف بهره گیری از دانه و پوست و برگ آن را بکار گرفته و متوجه خواص مهم این میوه که آنرا میوه پردیسی میخواندند بوده اند و به سایر نقاط جهان هم انتقال یافته است. انار درختی چندین ساله و کهنه گی آن به بیش از سه هزارسال میرسد.در صنایع دستی مختلف از کاشی کاری تا نقاشی ،پارچه بافی و.... انار را نقش زده اتد در بیشتر موزه های جهان قابل مشاهده میباشد .در منطقه فراغه نیز انار یکی از مهمترین محصولات باغی بوده و هم برای مصرف شخصی و ارائه به بازار و مازادش را رب انار تولید میکردند .انار سه نمونه اصلی دارد، ترش، شیرین و میخوش.با انواع رنگها از سفید تا سیاه هم در پوست و هم دانه وجود دارد.انار سه بار گل میکند و به ارتفاع سه متر هم میرسد و ریشه اش تا عمق یک و نیم متر در خاک فرو میرود و در بیشتر مناطق کشور سبز میشود .انار ساوه ، نیریز، فردوس، تفت و....از بهترینها هستند.انار فراغه نیز مجموعه ای از همین بهترین نمونه های انار بوده است.
"We are very thankful to the organizers of this project for the well-timed opportunity to collect and show in this beautiful book edition a unique Uzbek collection that includes more than hundreds of works." - Olga Polyanskaya
"I think that this project is unique, because it makes it possible for the world to collect the crumbs of the legacy that was created by the ancestors of the people who lived in this region." - Svetlana Frolova
MANIS MEMBAWA MAUT.
2 gambar wanita ini membuktikan #Hollywood hanyalah cebisan ringkas hidup sebenar yang lebih dramatik dan hebat dari filem! Kedua-duanya adalah perisik upahan yang melakukan kerja intipan melalui godaan di sebalik tubuh & senyuman.
Gambar pertama ialah wanita Belanda iaitu Margareta MacLeod yang gunakan nama samaran "Mata Hari". Beliau ialah pengintip Jerman semasa Perang Dunia 1. Saya pernah baca tentangnya dalam 10 tahun yang lalu.
Gambar kedua baru saja saya ketahui menerusi "Jerusalem : The Biography" tulisan Simon Montefiore. Beliau ialah Asmahan; penghibur terkenal Mesir yang sama taraf dengan diva muzik Arab era itu iaitu Ummu Kalthum. Asmahan menjalin hubungan sulit dengan ramai pegawai askar atasan; pernah bergaduh dengan Ibu Ratu Nazli dari Mesir; penyokong Zionism & pengintip British di Syria.
Pengajaran : Muka yang suci jangan disangka tiada kelicikan. (,"). #history#temptress#seductress#MataHari#Asmahan#WWI#WWII#Jerusalem#Germany#Montefiore#Zionism#egypt
"We are very grateful for the invitation to participate in this congress, for the opportunity to publish and show our collection dedicated to Uzbekistan. The book-album includes the names and works of Uzbek and Russian artists who worked on this fertile land." - Tatiana Karpova